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2000 Census
Population
The Census of 2000 reported that there were 16,380 people, 4,470 households, and 3,625 families residing in Artesia. The population density was 10,126.1 inhabitants per square mile (3,903.9/km²). There were 4,598 housing units at an average density of 2,842.5 per square mile (1,095.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was:
  • 44.18% White
  • 3.55% Black or African American
  • 0.78% Native American
  • 27.41% Asian
  • 0.54% Pacific Islander
  • 18.47% from other races
  • 5.07% from two or more races
  • 38.29% Hispanic/Latino

The age population varied with:
  • 27.2% under the age of 18
  • 10.1% from 18 to 24
  • 29.4% from 25 to 44
  • 21.0% from 45 to 64
  • 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older

The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.

Households 
There were 4,470 households, out of which:
  • 40.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them
  • 60.4% were married couples living together 
  • 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present
  • 18.9% were non-families
  • 15.3% were made up of individuals 
  • 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older

The average household size was 3.54 and the average family size was 3.87.

The median income per household in the city was $44,500, and the median income per family was $47,017.

Males had a median income of $34,447 versus $25,256 for females.

The per capita income for the city was $15,763. About 8.7% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.