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2010 Census
Population
The 2010 United States Census reported that Artesia had a population of 16,522. The population density was 10,194.7 people per square mile (3,936.2/km²). The racial makeup of Artesia was:
  •  6,446 (39.0%) White
  •  589 (3.6%) African American
  •  94 (0.6%) Native American
  •  6,131 (37.1%) Asian
  •  40 (0.2%) Pacific Islander
  •  2,630 (15.9%) from other races
  •  592 (3.6%) from two or more races
  •  5,910 persons (35.8%) Hispanic/Latino

The age population consisted of:
  • 3,719 people (22.5%) under the age of 18
  • 1,680 people (10.2%) aged 18 to 24
  • 4,421 people (26.8%) aged 25 to 44
  • 4,454 people (27.0%) aged 45 to 64
  • 2,248 people (13.6%) who were 65 years of age or older

The median age was 38.2 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.

Households
The Census reported that 15,909 people (96.3% of the population) lived in households, 69 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 544 (3.3%) were institutionalized.

There were 4,535 households, out of which:
  • 1,933 (42.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them
  • 2,673 (58.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together
  • 670 (14.8%) had a female householder with no husband present
  • 334 (7.4%) had a male householder with no wife present
  • 661 (14.6%) were made up of individuals
  • 306 (6.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.

There were 150 (3.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 30 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships.

The average household size was 3.51. There were 3,677 families (81.1% of all households); the average family size was 3.80.

There were 4,697 housing units at an average density of 2,898.2 per square mile (1,119.0/km²), of which 2,523 (55.6%) were owner-occupied, and 2,012 (44.4%) were occupied by renters.

The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.7%. 8,930 people (54.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 6,979 people (42.2%) lived in rental housing units.